1. Insufficient intake of vitamins from food
One of the reasons for the lack of vitamins in the body can be too monotonous “table”, as well as the intake of highly refined products, namely, pasta, pastry, and bakery products, semolina, sugar, sunflower oil in food.
2. Improper storage and cooking methods
Culinary processing of food acts differently on different types of vitamins. For example, vitamin C is the “weakest” – it is destroyed already in the open air, in the sun, when dried and stored for a long time, in high humidity and when heated to a temperature above +60 ° C. Prolonged heat treatment can lead to the decomposition of thiamine (B1) and Ergocalciferol (D).
Other vitamins of group B and vitamin E are least susceptible to destruction.
3. The use of foods that destroy vitamins.
In some products that we use often, there are substances known as “anti-vitamins”, which contribute to the destruction of vitamins and reduce their activity. An example would be fresh fish. It contains an enzyme known as thiaminase that eliminates thiamine (B1), which supports the functioning of the cardiac, muscular and nervous systems of an elderly person. Corn contains indole-3-acetic acid, which contributes to the destruction of nicotinic acid.
4. Age and pathological changes in the digestive system.
Lack of vitamins in the body of an elderly person often develops due to the fact that at this age the metabolism is disturbed and the composition of microflora changes, contributing to the synthesis of vitamins.
5. Increased consumption of vitamins in the body during the process of aging.
In addition to the fact that the body may be deficient in vitamins due to their small amount in foods, secondary avitaminosis may also develop. The main reason for it is that a large number of vitamins are consumed when the body absorbs proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Also, vitamin deficiency occurs during stressful situations, climate change, increased stress on the body, both physical and psychological. Some groups of vitamins begin to “push out” hard from the body if you start taking other vitamins in large quantities.
6. Increased consumption of vitamins when an elderly person is sick
When an elderly person is sick, his body spends vitamins in much larger quantities. This happens because many vitamins have a destructive effect on microbes and various infectious agents. In addition, microorganisms that are living in our intestines can also absorb vitamins. Disrupted appetite, vomiting can largely contribute to beriberi.
Elderly folks who’re over 65 & eligible for Medicare may want to take a look at Medicare supplement plans which help pay for co-pays, coinsurance and other out of pocket costs.